The word 'Gurmukhi' literally means from the mouth of the Guru. It was
developed in the 16th century CE by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji, to write the
Gurmukhi has 41 alphabets/varanmala (35 basic + 5 Urdu + 1 Talvi) as well as ten vowel
modifiers. In addition there are five special sound modifier symbols. A vertical bar is
used to indicate the end of a sentences. Two vertical bars indicate a longer pause between
sentences or paragraphs.
Punjabi is a language (what we speak). Gurmukhi is a script (how we write Punjabi)
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